Manas National Park which is UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site, Project Tiger Reserve, Elephant Reserve and a Biosphere reserve is a national park located in Bodoland. One of the largest national parks in Bodoland, Manas National Park stretches across the Himalayan Foothills and is shared with Bhutan where it is named Royal Manas National Park.
The name Manas National Park is named after the river Manas which is one of the major tributaries to River Brahmaputra. The park is of the area around 950kmsq and stretches the whole of Bodoland covering districts of Chirang, Baksa, Kokrajhar, Darrang, Udalguri and Bongaigaon. On 1st October 1928, the national park was declared as a sanctuary. In the year 1985, the park was declared as World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Located near to Eastern Himalaya region, Manas National Park is divided into 3 ranges, Panbari located on the Western side, Bansbari located centrally and Bhuiyapara located on the eastern side. The Manas National Park is rich in flora and fauna. The park is made up of limestone and sandstone and in the southern side, there are deposits of alluvium soil which makes the place rich in biodiversity. At an altitude of 61-100m above sea level, this park has a temperate climate where the max temperature is around 37C and the minimum will be around 15C.
Manas National Park is an Elephant Reserve and Tiger Reserve region which is a project backed by the government, also found are various animal and plant species which is why you can explore the park and capture images of animals in wild. Manas National Park has 2 major biomes Grassland Biome and Forest Biome. These biomes are a hotspot for many animals where you can find animals such as pygmy hog, Indian Rhinoceros, Wild Buffalo, Langur, Sambar, Malayan Giant Squirrel, Pangolin etc.
It is been recorded that the national park has around 55 species of mammals, 380 species of birds, 50 reptiles and 3 amphibians. Having rich biodiversity, the park has many animals that include Indian Elephants, gaurs, water buffalo, Indian Tigers, Indian leopards, Assamese macaques, Otter, Sloth bear, black panther etc. Also, some of the rare species such as Assam roofed turtle, hispid hare, golden langur are also found here.
The birds and animals here live in harmony where there are many species of birds that include Bengal Florican, great hornbill, bulbul, egrets, pelicans, eagle, falcon, robins, Indian peafowl, ospreys etc. One can notice the birds, hear the sounds while exploring the park.
People who wish to explore Manas National Park usually come to Bansbari region and explore the park reaching the border of Bhutan. The park is heaven for nature photographers, animal and bird watchers/photographers and videographers etc. One can take a tour of the park via tour operators or can explore with the permit.